Rome Club Report and Stockholm Declaration
Convention on the Rights of the Sea (CNUDM)
Sustainable Development (Brundland Report)
IBERLAND Group Foundation
Earth Summit (UN) (Program 21)
Creation of a Marine Protected Area (IUCN)
Responsible Fisheries Code of Conduct (FAO)
Quota Management and TAC (Total Allowable Catches)
Creation of Natura 2000 Network.
Definition of species and spaces
O.D.S nº14 Oceans and Sea Resources (UN)
Minimum space allowed (EU)
The repercussions of the “Limits on Growth” led the United Nations to hold the Earth Summit that same year. It was the first world summit held on environmental issues. The 113 participating countries agreed on the Stockholm Declaration, a common framework for action by all peoples of the world.
1987. Brundtland Report. It raises sustainable development for the first time. It defines sustainability as meeting the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own.
Cumbre Mundial Sobre la Alimentación
At present, there is little progress in the field of sustainability and sustainable development. It is also evident in the fisheries and marine resources sector. According to the FAO, future forecasts on the availability of fishery resources do not predict a promising future. Annual waste is estimated at around 35% between catches and arrival at port. Of the remaining 65%, another 27% is wasted between arrival at port and consumption (2). By-products of the fishing industry can account for up to 75% of catches depending on subsequent processes of sorting or industrial preparation (3). That is why Iberland Group believes it is essential to contribute to the sustainability of the sector through its use.
It is important to emphasize that in the imminent future it will be necessary to develop and increase the transfer of technology from research centres to industries, greater creativity in the development of new products, and most importantly, encourage collaboration between the agents involved in valorisation: fishermen, fishing industries and processing industries (food, cosmetics …) (4).
This promotion and awareness of the sector would have a broad trajectory in the exploitation industry, thus contributing to the reduction of catches and the regeneration of marine populations.
We understand the use as the subsequent steps from the capture itself, involving its transformation and contributing to an increase in the ratio between initial “weight” of the fish, processed weight and weight of the product used.
This tracking of process losses is colloquially defined as discards, by-product, surplus, among others.
Iberland Group considers that the KG of used product is, today, the key to the sustainability of the marine ecosystem, the fishing industry and responsible consumption by society.
(2)Gustavsson, J., Cederberg, C., Sonesson, U., van Otterdijk, R. y Meybeck, A. 2011. Pérdidas y desperdicio de alimentos en el mundo. Alcance, causas y prevención. Estudio realizado para el Congreso Internacional “Save Food!”. Düsseldorf (Alemania) 16-17 de mayo de 2011. Roma, FAO.
One of our pillars as a company is to create a sustainable environment and that is why we set strict guidelines to do so. Companies have a very important role in this goal (Sustainable development goals – SDG): encouraging industrial processes that do not impact the environment, incorporating companies as business partners in their value chain, encouraging the expansion of sustainable and resilient infrastructures.